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The term gadya, 'spoken', as opposed the padya, 'verse', is generally used for prose works, specifically prose romances, although other prose works like histories are sometimes included under this heading. Although not metrical like poetry, the finest gadyas have a splendid rhythm with grand cadences, and have been described as kavyas in prose'. The theory of their derivation from the Greek does not find much support among scholars. Examples of gadyas are the Dasha-Kumara-Charita by Dandin (c. AD 600). The Vasavadatta by Subandhu and the Kadambari by Banabhatta.

Kadambari consists of stories within stories and is borrowed in part from Gunadhya's Brihat-Katha.

Dandin (c. AD 600) Sanskrit writer is the author of Dasha-Kumara-Charita (`Ten Princes Adventures') written in elegant and polished but involved Sanskrit. Dandin resorts to frequent verbal tricks and grammatical devices to display his mastery of language. Subandhu (fl. AD 630) the author of gadya (prose) romance called Vasavadatta, about prince Udayana of Vatsa and princess Vasavadatta of Ujjain who fall in love with each other in a dream. Though the intermediation of two messenger parrots they meet and decide to flee together on a magic steed to escape the decree of her father by which she is to marry another person. After numerous adventures in which the princess is carried off by a rival suitor, she is finally turned to stone, but is restored to life again by the touch of her lover.

Bhaskara (1114-1160) sometimes referred to as earlier mathematician of lesser renown, is the last notable name in Indian mathematics and astronomy. He is the author of Bija­ganita, a work on mathematics; the Siddhanta-Shiromani, on astronomy; and the Lilavati on algebra.